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Ein Anarchist FAQ "ist ein Online geschriebes Archiv mit "häufig zum Anarchismus gestellten Fragen [und Antworten]" (Frequently asked Questions/FAQ) in englischer Sprache von einer internationalen Arbeitsgruppe von Anarchisten. Es dokumentiert anarchistische Theorie und Ideen und präsentieren gleichzeitig Argumente zu Gunsten des Anarchismus. Darüber hinaus versucht es Argumenten gegen den Anarchismus eine theoretisch fundierte Antwort gegenüber zustellen. Zuerst wurde vorallem versucht dem sogennanten "Anarcho-Kapitalismus", der in den USA das Wort Anarchismus mißbrauchte eine konsistente Kritik entgegenzusetzen. Heute wird vorallem versucht dazustellen was Anarchismus ist und warum Menschen Anarchist-Innen werden sollten. Zudem soll die Anarchist FAQ eine Quelle für Anarchist-Innen sein, eine Unterstützung bei ihren Aktivitäten und Aktionen um Fakten und Argumente gegen die Gegner des Anarchismus zu liefern.
Die FAQ ist unter den Bedingungen der GNU Free Documentation License (Copyleft) entstanden, und es ist gewidmet, " den Millionen von Anarchisten, die Lebend oder Tod, versucht haben, oder versuchen, eine bessere Welt schaffen." Es wurde offiziell freigegeben am 19. Juli 1996 "zur Feier der spanischen Revolution von 1936 und dem Kampf der anarchistischen Bewegung". Die neueste Version 14.0 der Anarchist FAQ ist vom 08-MAR-2010.
[Bearbeiten] An Anarchist FAQ, Gliederung
Als Bücher sind erschienen: "An Anarchist FAQ Vol. I" (und besteht aus: Section A, B, C, D, E, F und Appendix: The Symbols of Anarchy) und "An Anarchist FAQ Vol.II" (with the Section G, H, I, J and Bibliography). (Mehr zu den Büchern weiter unten).
What's New in the FAQ?
An Anarchist FAQ Introduction
Section A - What is anarchism?
Section B - Why do anarchists oppose the current system?
Section C - What are the myths of capitalist economics?
Section D - How does statism and capitalism affect society?
Section E - What do anarchists think causes ecological problems?
Section F - Is "anarcho"-capitalism a type of anarchism?
Section G - Is individualist anarchism capitalistic?
Section H - Why do anarchists oppose state socialism?
Section I - What would an anarchist society look like?
Section J - What do anarchists do?
Appendix - Anarchism and "Anarcho"-capitalism
Appendix - The Symbols of Anarchy
Appendix - Anarchism and Marxism
Appendix - The Russian Revolution
Bibliography for FAQ
An Anarchist FAQ in pdf format
Non-English versions of the FAQ
An Anarchist FAQ links
- Die einzelnen Sektionen sind nochmals detalierter gegliedert:
- An Anarchist FAQ
Introduction - Welcome to our FAQ on anarchism http://anarchism.pageabode.com/afaq/intro.html
[Bearbeiten] Section A - What is Anarchism?
A.1 What is anarchism?
A.1.1 What does "anarchy" mean? A.1.2 What does "anarchism" mean? A.1.3 Why is anarchism also called libertarian socialism? A.1.4 Are anarchists socialists? A.1.5 Where does anarchism come from?
A.2 What does anarchism stand for?
A.2.1 What is the essence of anarchism? A.2.2 Why do anarchists emphasise liberty? A.2.3 Are anarchists in favour of organisation? A.2.4 Are anarchists in favour of "absolute" liberty? A.2.5 Why are anarchists in favour of equality? A.2.6 Why is solidarity important to anarchists? A.2.7 Why do anarchists argue for self-liberation? A.2.8 Is it possible to be an anarchist without opposing hierarchy? A.2.9 What sort of society do anarchists want? A.2.10 What will abolishing hierarchy mean and achieve? A.2.11 Why do most anarchists support direct democracy? A.2.12 Is consensus an alternative to direct democracy? A.2.13 Are anarchists individualists or collectivists? A.2.14 Why is voluntarism not enough? A.2.15 What about Human Nature? A.2.16 Does anarchism require "perfect" people to work? A.2.17 Aren't most people too stupid for a free society to work? A.2.18 Do anarchists support terrorism? A.2.19 What ethical views do anarchists hold? A.2.20 Why are most anarchists atheists?
A.3 What types of anarchism are there?
A.3.1 What are the differences between individualist and social anarchists? A.3.2 Are there different types of social anarchism? A.3.3 What kinds of green anarchism are there? A.3.4 Is anarchism pacifistic? A.3.5 What is anarcha-feminism? A.3.6 What is Cultural Anarchism? A.3.7 Are there religious anarchists? A.3.8 What is "anarchism without adjectives"? A.3.9 What is anarcho-primitivism?
A.4 Who are the major anarchist thinkers?
A.4.1 Are there any thinkers close to anarchism? A.4.2 Are there any liberal thinkers close to anarchism? A.4.3 Are there any socialist thinkers close to anarchism? A.4.4 Are there any Marxist thinkers close to anarchism?
A.5 What are some examples of "Anarchy in Action"?
A.5.1 The Paris Commune. A.5.2 The Haymarket Martyrs. A.5.3 Building the syndicalist unions. A.5.4 Anarchists in the Russian Revolution. A.5.5 Anarchists in the Italian Factory Occupations. A.5.6 Anarchism and the Spanish Revolution. A.5.7 The May-June revolt in France, 1968.
[Bearbeiten] Section B - Why do anarchists oppose the current system?
B.1 Why are anarchists against authority and hierarchy?
B.1.1 What are the effects of authoritarian social relationships? B.1.2 Is capitalism hierarchical? B.1.3 What kind of hierarchy of values does capitalism create? B.1.4 Why do racism, sexism and homophobia exist? B.1.5 How is the mass-psychological basis for authoritarian civilisation created? B.1.6 Can hierarchy be ended?
B.2 Why are anarchists against the state?
B.2.1 What is the main function of the state? B.2.2 Does the state have subsidiary functions? B.2.3 How does the ruling class maintain control of the state? B.2.4 How does state centralisation affect freedom? B.2.5 Who benefits from centralisation? B.2.6 Can the state be an independent power within society?
B.3 Why are anarchists against private property? B.3.1 What is the difference between private property and possession? B.3.2 What kinds of private property does the state protect? B.3.3 Why is private property exploitative? B.3.4 Can private property be justified? B.3.5 Is state owned property different from private property?
B.4 How does capitalism affect liberty?
B.4.1 Is capitalism based on freedom? B.4.2 Is capitalism based on self-ownership? B.4.3 But no one forces you to work for them! B.4.4 But what about periods of high demand for labour? B.4.5 But I want to be "left alone"!
B.5 Is capitalism empowering and based on human action?
B.6 But won't decisions made by individuals with their own money be the best?
B.7 What classes exist within modern society? B.7.1 But do classes actually exist? B.7.2 Does social mobility make up for class inequality? B.7.3 Why is the existence of classes denied? B.7.4 What do anarchists mean by "class consciousness"?
[Bearbeiten] Section C - What are the myths of capitalist economics?
C.1 What is wrong with economics?
C.1.1 Is economics really value free? C.1.2 Is economics a science? C.1.3 Can you have an economics based on individualism? C.1.4 What is wrong with equilibrium analysis? C.1.5 Does economics really reflect the reality of capitalism? C.1.6 Is it possible to have non-equilibrium based capitalist economics?
C.2 Why is capitalism exploitative?
C.2.1 What is "surplus-value"? C.2.2 How does exploitation happen? C.2.3 Is owning capital sufficient reason to justify profits? C.2.4 Do profits represent the productivity of capital? C.2.5 Do profits represent the contribution of capital to production? C.2.6 Does the "time value" of money justify interest? C.2.7 Are interest and profits not the reward for waiting? C.2.8 Are profits the result of innovation and entrepreneurial activity? C.2.9 Do profits reflect a reward for risk?
C.3 What determines the distribution between labour and capital?
C.4 Why does the market become dominated by Big Business?
C.4.1 How extensive is Big Business? C.4.2 What are the effects of Big Business on society? C.4.3 What does the existence of Big Business mean for economic theory and wage labour?
C.5 Why does Big Business get a bigger slice of profits?
C.5.1 Aren't the super-profits of Big Business due to its higher efficiency?
C.6 Can market dominance by Big Business change?
C.7 What causes the capitalist business cycle?
C.7.1 What role does class struggle play in the business cycle? C.7.2 What role does the market play in the business cycle? C.7.3 What else affects the business cycle?
C.8 Is state control of money the cause of the business cycle?
C.8.1 Does this mean that Keynesianism works? C.8.2 What happened to Keynesianism in the 1970s? C.8.3 How did capitalism adjust to the crisis in Keynesianism?
C.9 Would laissez-faire policies reduce unemployment, as supporters of "free market" capitalism claim?
C.9.1 Would cutting wages reduce unemployment? C.9.2 Is unemployment caused by wages being too high? C.9.3 Are "flexible" labour markets the answer to unemployment? C.9.4 Is unemployment voluntary?
C.10 Is "free market" capitalism the best way to reduce poverty?
C.10.1 Hasn't neo-liberalism benefited the world's poor? C.10.2 Does "free trade" benefit everyone? C.10.3 Does "free market" capitalism benefit everyone, especially working class people? C.10.4 Does growth automatically mean people are better off?
C.11 Doesn't neo-liberalism in Chile prove that the free market benefits everyone?
C.11.1 Who benefited from Chile's experiment? C.11.2 What about Chile's economic growth and low inflation? C.11.3 Did neo-liberal Chile confirm capitalist economics?
C.12 Doesn't Hong Kong show the potentials of "free market" capitalism?
[Bearbeiten] Section D - How do statism and capitalism affect society?
D.1 Why does state intervention occur?
D.1.1 Does state intervention cause the problems to begin with? D.1.2 Is state intervention the result of democracy? D.1.3 Is state intervention socialistic? D.1.4 Is laissez-faire capitalism actually without state intervention? D.1.5 Do anarchists support state intervention?
D.2 What influence does wealth have over politics?
D.2.1 Is capital flight that powerful? D.2.2 How extensive is business propaganda?
D.3 How does wealth influence the mass media?
D.3.1 How does the structure of the media affect its content? D.3.2 What is the effect of advertising on the mass media? D.3.3 Why do the media rely on government and business "experts" for information? D.3.4 How is "flak" used as a means of disciplining the media? D.3.5 Why is "anticommunism" used as control mechanism? D.3.6 Isn't the "propaganda model" a conspiracy theory? D.3.7 Isn't the model contradicted by the media reporting government and business failures?
D.4 What is the relationship between capitalism and the ecological crisis?
D.5 What causes imperialism?
D.5.1 Has imperialism changed over time? D.5.2 Is imperialism just a product of private capitalism? D.5.3 Does globalisation mean the end of imperialism? D.5.4 What is the relationship between imperialism and the social classes within capitalism?
D.6 Are anarchists against Nationalism?
D.7 Are anarchists opposed to National Liberation struggles?
D.8 What causes militarism and what are its effects?
D.9 Why does political power become concentrated under capitalism?
D.9.1 What is the relationship between wealth polarisation and authoritarian government? D.9.2 Why is government surveillance of citizens on the increase? D.9.3 What causes justifications for racism to appear?
D.10 How does capitalism affect technology?
D.11 Can politics and economics be separated from each other?
D.11.1 What does Chile tell us about the right and its vision of liberty? D.11.2 But surely Chile proves that "economic freedom" creates political freedom?
[Bearbeiten] Section E - What do anarchists think causes ecological problems?
E.1 What are the root causes of our ecological problems?
E.1.1 Is industrythe cause of environmental problems? E.1.2 What is the difference between environmentalism and ecology?
E.2 What do eco-anarchists propose instead of capitalism?
E.3 Can private property rights protect the environment?
E.3.1 Will privatising nature save it? E.3.2 How does economic power contribute to the ecological crisis? E.3.3 Can capitalism's focus on short-term profitability deal with the ecological crisis?
E.4 Can laissez-faire capitalism protect the environment?
E.4.1 Will laissez-faire capitalism actually end pollution? E.4.2 Can laissez-faire wilderness survive under capitalism?
E.5 Can ethical consumerism stop the ecological crisis?
E.6 What is the population myth?
[Bearbeiten] Section F - Is "anarcho"-capitalism a type of anarchism?
F.1 Are "anarcho"-capitalists really anarchists?
F.2 What do "anarcho"-capitalists mean by freedom?
F.2.1 How does private property affect freedom? F.2.2 Do "libertarian"-capitalists support slavery?
F.3 Why do "anarcho"-capitalists generally place no value on equality?
F.3.1 Why is this disregard for equality important? F.3.2 Can there be harmony of interests in an unequal society?
F.4 What is the right-"libertarian" position on private property?
F.4.1 What is wrong with a "homesteading" theory of property?
F.5 Will privatising "the commons" increase liberty?
F.6 Is "anarcho" capitalism against the state?
F.6.1 What's wrong with this "free market" justice? F.6.2 What are the social consequences of such a system? F.6.3 But surely Market Forces will stop abuse by the rich? F.6.4 Why are these "defence associations" states?
F.7 How does the history of "anarcho"-capitalism show that it is not anarchist?
F.7.1 Are competing governments anarchism? F.7.2 Is government compatible with anarchism? F.7.3 Can there be a "right-wing" anarchism?
F.8 What role did the state take in the creation of capitalism?
F.8.1 What social forces lay behind the rise of capitalism? F.8.2 What was the social context of the statement "laissez-faire"? F.8.3 What other forms did state intervention in creating capitalism take? F.8.4 Aren't the enclosures a socialist myth? F.8.5 What about the lack of enclosures in the Americas? F.8.6 How did working people view the rise of capitalism?
[Bearbeiten] Section G - Is individualist anarchism capitalistic?
G.1 Are individualist anarchists anti-capitalist?
G.1.1 What about their support of the free market? G.1.2 What about their support of "private property"? G.1.3 What about their support for wage labour? G.1.4 Why is the social context important in evaluating Individualist Anarchism?
G.2 Why do individualist anarchists reject social anarchism?
G.2.1 Is communist-anarchism compulsory? G.2.2 Is communist-anarchism violent? G.2.3 Does communist-anarchism aim to destroy individuality? G.2.4 What other reasons do individualists give for rejecting communist-anarchism? G.2.5 Do most anarchists agree with the individualists on communist-anarchism?
G.3 Is "anarcho"-capitalism a new form of individualist anarchism?
G.3.1 Is "anarcho"-capitalism American anarchism? G.3.2 What are the differences between "anarcho"-capitalism and individualist anarchism? G.3.3 What about "anarcho"-capitalism's support of "defence associations"? G.3.4 Why is individualist anarchist support for equality important? G.3.5 Would individualist anarchists have accepted "Austrian" economics? G.3.6 Would mutual banking simply cause inflation?
G.4 Why do social anarchists reject individualist anarchism?
G.4.1 Is wage labour consistent with anarchist principles? G.4.2 Why do social anarchists think individualism is inconsistent anarchism?
G.5 Benjamin Tucker: capitalist or anarchist?
G.6 What are the ideas of Max Stirner?
G.7 Lysander Spooner: right-"libertarian" or libertarian socialist?
[Bearbeiten] Section H - Why do anarchists oppose state socialism?
H.1 Have anarchists always opposed state socialism?
H.1.1 What was Bakunin's critique of Marxism? H.1.2 What are the key differences between Anarchists and Marxists? H.1.3 Why do anarchists wish to abolish the state "overnight"? H.1.4 Do anarchists have "absolutely no idea" of what to put in place of the state? H.1.5 Why do anarchists reject "utilising the present state"? H.1.6 Why do anarchists try to "build the new world in the shell of the old"? H.1.7 Haven't you read Lenin's "State and Revolution"?
H.2 What parts of anarchism do Marxists particularly misrepresent?
H.2.1 Do anarchists reject defending a revolution? H.2.2 Do anarchists reject "class conflict" and "collective struggle"? H.2.3 Does anarchism yearn "for what has gone before"? H.2.4 Do anarchists think "the state is the main enemy"? H.2.5 Do anarchists think "full blown" socialism will be created overnight? H.2.6 How do Marxists misrepresent Anarchist ideas on mutual aid? H.2.7 Who do anarchists see as their "agents of social change"? H.2.8 What is the relationship of anarchism to syndicalism? H.2.9 Do anarchists have "liberal" politics? H.2.10 Are anarchists against leadership? H.2.11 Are anarchists "anti-democratic"? H.2.12 Does anarchism survive only in the absence of a strong workers' movement? H.2.13 Do anarchists reject "political" struggles and action? H.2.14 Are anarchist organisations "ineffective," "elitist" or "downright bizarre"?
H.3 What are the myths of state socialism?
H.3.1 Do Anarchists and Marxists want the same thing? H.3.2 Is Marxism "socialism from below"? H.3.3 Is Leninism "socialism from below"? H.3.4 Don't anarchists just quote Marxists selectively? H.3.5 Has Marxist appropriation of anarchist ideas changed it? H.3.6 Is Marxism the only revolutionary politics which have worked? H.3.7 What is wrong with the Marxist theory of the state? H.3.8 What is wrong with the Leninist theory of the state? H.3.9 Is the state simply an agent of economic power? H.3.10 Has Marxism always supported the idea of workers' councils? H.3.11 Does Marxism aim to give power to workers organisations? H.3.12 Is big business the precondition for socialism? H.3.13 Why is state socialism just state capitalism? H.3.14 Don't Marxists believe in workers' control?
H.4 Didn't Engels refute anarchism in "On Authority"?
H.4.1 Does organisation imply the end of liberty? H.4.2 Does free love show the weakness of Engels' argument? H.4.3 How do anarchists propose to run a factory? H.4.4 How does the class struggle refute Engels' arguments? H.4.5 Is the way industry operates "independent of all social organisation"? H.4.6 Why does Engels' "On Authority" harm Marxism? H.4.7 Is revolution "the most authoritarian thing there is"?
H.5 What is vanguardism and why do anarchists reject it?
H.5.1 Why are vanguard parties anti-socialist? H.5.2 Have vanguardist assumptions been validated? H.5.3 Why does vanguardism imply party power? H.5.4 Did Lenin abandon vanguardism? H.5.5 What is "democratic centralism"? H.5.6 Why do anarchists oppose "democratic centralism"? H.5.7 Is the way revolutionaries organise important? H.5.8 Are vanguard parties effective? H.5.9 What are vanguard parties effective at? H.5.10 Why does "democratic centralism" produce "bureaucratic centralism"? H.5.11 Can you provide an example of the negative nature of vanguard parties? H.5.12 Surely the Russian Revolution proves that vanguard parties work?
H.6 Why did the Russian Revolution fail?
H.6.1 Can objective factors explain the failure of the Russian Revolution? H.6.2 Did Bolshevik ideology influence the outcome of the Russian Revolution? H.6.3 Were the Russian workers "declassed" and "atomised"?
[Bearbeiten] Section I - What would an anarchist society look like?
I.1 Isn't libertarian socialism an oxymoron?
I.1.1 Is socialism impossible? I.1.2 Is libertarian communism impossible? I.1.3 What is wrong with markets anyway? I.1.4 If capitalism is exploitative, then isn't socialism as well? I.1.5 Does capitalism efficiently allocate resources?
I.2 Is this a blueprint for an anarchist society?
I.2.1 Why discuss what an anarchist society would be like at all? I.2.2 Will it be possible to go straight to an anarchist society from capitalism? I.2.3 How is the framework of an anarchist society created?
I.3 What could the economic structure of an anarchist society look like?
I.3.1 What is a "syndicate"? I.3.2 What is workers' self-management? I.3.3 What does socialisation mean? I.3.4 What relations exist between individual syndicates? I.3.5 What would confederations of syndicates do? I.3.6 What about competition between syndicates? I.3.7 What about people who do not want to join a syndicate? I.3.8 Do anarchists seek "small autonomous communities, devoted to small scale production"?
I.4 How would an anarchist economy function?
I.4.1 What is the point of economic activity in anarchy? I.4.2 Why do anarchists desire to abolish work? I.4.3 How do anarchists intend to abolish work? I.4.4 What economic decision making criteria could be used in anarchy? I.4.5 What about "supply and demand"? I.4.6 Surely communist-anarchism would just lead to demand exceeding supply? I.4.7 What will stop producers ignoring consumers? I.4.8 What about investment decisions? I.4.9 Should technological advance be seen as anti-anarchistic? I.4.10 What would be the advantage of a wide basis of surplus distribution? I.4.11 If socialism eliminates the profit motive, won't performance suffer? I.4.12 Won't there be a tendency for capitalism to reappear? I.4.13 Who will do the dirty or unpleasant work? I.4.14 What about the person who will not work? I.4.15 What will the workplace of tomorrow look like? I.4.16 Won't a libertarian communist society be inefficient?
I.5 What would the social structure of anarchy look like?
I.5.1 What are participatory communities? I.5.2 Why are confederations of participatory communities needed? I.5.3 Would confederations produce bureaucrats and politicians? I.5.4 How will anything ever be decided by all these meetings? I.5.5 Are participatory communities and confederations not just new states? I.5.6 Won't there be a danger of a "tyranny of the majority" under anarchism? I.5.7 What if I don't want to join a commune? I.5.8 What about crime? I.5.9 What about Freedom of Speech under Anarchism? I.5.10 What about political parties, interest groups and professional bodies? I.5.11 How will an anarchist society defend itself the power hungry? I.5.12 Would an anarchist society provide health care and other public services?
I.6 What about the "Tragedy of the Commons"?
I.6.1 How can property "owned by everyone in the world" be used? I.6.2 Doesn't communal ownership restrict individual liberty?
I.7 Won't Libertarian Socialism destroy individuality?
I.7.1 Do tribal cultures indicate that communalism defends individuality? I.7.2 Do anarchists worship the past or the "noble savage"? I.7.3 Is the law required to protect individual rights? I.7.4 Does capitalism protect individuality?
I.8 Does revolutionary Spain show that libertarian socialism can work in practice?
I.8.1 Is the Spanish Revolution inapplicable as a model for modern societies? I.8.2 How were the anarchists able to obtain mass popular support in Spain? I.8.3 How were Spanish industrial collectives organised? I.8.4 How were the Spanish industrial collectives co-ordinated? I.8.5 How were the Spanish agricultural co-operatives organised and co-ordinated? I.8.6 What did the agricultural collectives accomplish? I.8.7 Were the rural collectives were created by force? I.8.8 But did the Spanish collectives innovate? I.8.9 Why, if it was so good, did it not survive? I.8.10 Why did the C.N.T. collaborate with the state? I.8.11 Was the decision to collaborate a product of anarchist theory? I.8.12 Was the decision to collaborate imposed on the CNT's membership? I.8.13 What political lessons were learned from the revolution? I.8.14 What economic lessons were learned from the revolution?
[Bearbeiten] Section J - What do anarchists do?
J.1 Are anarchists involved in social struggles?
J.1.1 Why are social struggles important? J.1.2 Are anarchists against reforms? J.1.3 Why are anarchists against reformism? J.1.4 What attitude do anarchists take to "single-issue" campaigns? J.1.5 Why do anarchists try to generalise social struggles?
J.2 What is direct action?
J.2.1 Why do anarchists favour using direct action to change things? J.2.2 Why do anarchists reject voting as a means for change? J.2.3 What are the political implications of voting? J.2.4 Surely voting for radical parties will be effective? J.2.5 Why do anarchists support abstentionism and what are its implications? J.2.6 What are the effects of radicals using electioneering? J.2.7 Surely we should vote for reformist parties in order to expose them? J.2.8 Will abstentionism lead to the right winning elections? J.2.9 What do anarchists do instead of voting? J.2.10 Does rejecting electioneering mean that anarchists are apolitical?
J.3 What kinds of organisation do anarchists build?
J.3.1 What are affinity groups? J.3.2 What are "synthesis" federations? J.3.3 What is the "Platform"? J.3.4 Why do many anarchists oppose the "Platform"? J.3.5 Are there other kinds of anarchist federation? J.3.6 What role do these groups play in anarchist theory? J.3.7 Doesn't Bakunin's "Invisible Dictatorship" prove that anarchists are secret authoritarians? J.3.8 What is anarcho-syndicalism? J.3.9 Why are many anarchists not anarcho-syndicalists?
J.4 What trends in society aid anarchist activity?
J.4.1 Why is social struggle a good sign? J.4.2 Won't social struggle do more harm than good? J.4.3 Are the new social movements a positive development for anarchists? J.4.4 What is the "economic structural crisis"? J.4.5 Why is this "economic structural crisis" important to social struggle? J.4.6 What are implications of anti-government and anti-big business feelings? J.4.7 What about the communications revolution?
J.5 What alternative social organisations do anarchists create?
J.5.1 What is community unionism? J.5.2 Why do anarchists support industrial unionism? J.5.3 What attitude do anarchists take to existing unions? J.5.4 What are industrial networks? J.5.5 What forms of co-operative credit do anarchists support? J.5.6 Why are mutual credit schemes important? J.5.7 Do most anarchists think mutual credit is sufficient to abolish capitalism? J.5.8 What would a modern system of mutual banking look like? J.5.9 How does mutual credit work? J.5.10 Why do anarchists support co-operatives? J.5.11 If workers really want self-management then why are there so few co-operatives? J.5.12 If self-management were more efficient then surely capitalists would introduce it? J.5.13 What are Modern Schools? J.5.14 What is Libertarian Municipalism? J.5.15 What attitude do anarchists take to the welfare state? J.5.16 Are there any historical examples of collective self-help?
J.6 What methods of child rearing do anarchists advocate?
J.6.1 What are the main obstacles to raising free children? J.6.2 What are some examples of libertarian child-rearing methods? J.6.3 If children have nothing to fear, how can they be good? J.6.4 Isn't "libertarian child-rearing" just another name for spoiling the children? J.6.5 What is the anarchist position on teenage sexual liberation? J.6.6 But isn't this concern with sexual liberation just a distraction from revolution?
J.7 What do anarchists mean by social revolution?
J.7.1 Why are most anarchists revolutionaries? J.7.2 Is social revolution possible? J.7.3 Doesn't revolution mean violence? J.7.4 What would a social revolution involve? J.7.5 What is the role of anarchists in a social revolution? J.7.6 How could an anarchist revolution defend itself?
[Bearbeiten] Appendix : Anarchism and "anarcho"-capitalism
Replies to Some Errors and Distortions in Bryan Caplan's "Anarchist Theory FAQ" version 5.2
1 Individualist Anarchists and the socialist movement. 2 Why is Caplan's definition of socialism wrong? 3 Was Proudhon a socialist or a capitalist? 4 Tucker on Property, Communism and Socialism. 5 Anarchism and "anarcho"-capitalism. 6 Appendix: Defining Anarchism Replies to Some Errors and Distortions in Bryan Caplan's "Anarchist Theory FAQ" version 4.1.1
1 Is anarchism purely negative? 2 Anarchism and Equality 3 Is anarchism the same thing as socialism? 4 Anarchism and dissidents 5 How would anarcho-capitalism work?
Is "anarcho"-capitalism a type of anarchism? [= No.]
[Bearbeiten] Appendix - The Symbols of Anarchy
1 What is the history of the Black Flag?
2 Why the red-and-black flag?
3 Where does the circled A come from?
[Bearbeiten] Appendix : Anarchism and Marxism
Reply to errors and distortions in David McNally's pamphlet "Socialism from Below"
Marxists and Spanish Anarchism
Reply to errors and distortions in Phil Mitchinson's "Marxism and direct action"
Reply to errors and distortions in the SWP's "Marxism and Anarchism"
Reply to errors and distortions in John Fisher's "Why we must further Marxism and not Anarchism"
[Bearbeiten] Appendix -- The Russian Revolution
What happened during the Russian Revolution?
What was the Kronstadt Rebellion?
What caused the degeneration of the Russian Revolution?
How did Bolshevik ideology contribute to the failure of the Revolution?
Were any of the Bolshevik oppositions a real alternative?
Why does the Makhnovist movement show there is an alternative to Bolshevism?
[Bearbeiten] Bibliography for FAQ
Anarchist and Libertarian Works
Works about Anarchism
[Bearbeiten] Literatur: 'An Anarchist FAQ' as Books
Volumes 1 and 2 of An Anarchist FAQ are now in print: http://anarchism.pageabode.com/afaq/volumes-1-2-anarchist-faq-now-print
- "An Anarchist FAQ" Volume 1 by Iain McKay (editor), AK Press 11/2008 erschienen, 558 Seiten. ISBN: 9781902593906. Link zum Buch bei AK Press (UK) http://akuk.com/non-fiction/economics/an-anarchist-faq-volume-one-/prod_5527.html
- An Anarchist FAQ Volume 2 by Iain McKay (Author), release date: Nov 1, 2012. 550 pages, jeweils A4 Format, AK Press (USA) ISBN-13: 9781849351225 http://www.akpress.org/anarchistfaq2.html
- Anarchist FAQ Frequently asked Questions (FAQ) on Anarchism http://anarchism.pageabode.com/afaq/index.html
- An Anarchist FAQ blog http://anarchism.pageabode.com/blogs/afaq
- An Anarchist FAQ after ten years (Mon, 11/10/2008) http://anarchism.pageabode.com/afaq/10years.html
- Anarchist FAQ http://www.infoshop.org/page/AnAnarchistFAQ
[Bearbeiten] siehe auch
- Anarcho-Syndicalist FAQ from the Anarcho-Syndicalism 101 Website: http://www.anarchosyndicalism.net/archive/faq
- Portal:Anarchism, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Anarchism und in deutscher Sprache: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Anarchismus
- How to Be an Anarchist : 13 steps (with pictures) http://www.wikihow.com/Be-an-Anarchist
- Anarchy Archives
- The Anarchist Library: http://theanarchistlibrary.org/
- DadA, Datenbank des deutschsprachigen Anarchismus, (DadA)
- Bibliothek der Freien, anarchistische Bibliothek in Berlin.
- Kate Sharpley Library http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net
- Research on Anarchism
- Horst Stowasser: "Freiheit pur. Die Idee der Anarchie, Geschichte und Zukunft", Eichborn Verlag, Frankfurt/M. 1995. "Freiheit pur" als kostenloses pdf
- Robert Graham: Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas 3 Volumes, Black Rose Books.
- Englische Wikipedia: Eintrag Anarchist FAQ: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Anarchist_FAQ
- Die Utopie leben Ein Film von Juan Gamero (Vivir la utopía, 1997) über gelebte Anarchie in Spanien von ca.1850 bis ca. 1940. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvF7PoB-438